List of Web-Designing & Web-Development Programming Languages.

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Building a website or developing any online product, it’s important to remember that there is no single best language who can able to achieve desired results.

While developing any project we must have to understand and analyze the project requirement, based on the specific functionality and features you want.

While there are a couple of basic languages in common use, other languages are used specifically for client-side scripting or server-side scripting. Here is an overview of the more popular web development languages in use by the industry today.

Basic Web Development Languages

HTML and CSS are the two most basic web development languages, and are used to build nearly all webpages on the Internet.

HTML / HTML 5

Many of us have heard about HTML or many of us not. Experts say that HTML is the past, present, and future of the web and mobile applications. In general, we know HTML for website designing. The time when HTML was introduced it is much evolved up till now. The HTML stands for Hypertext Markup Language was firstly introduced in 1991 by Tim Berners-Lee and after that many updates are done in HTML.
HTML was specially written for websites, and which is understood by web browsers like Firefox, Opera, Chrome, Safari, and Internet Explorer. With the help of HTML5 and CSS3, you can build any kind of website you want.

Let’s see what does Hypertext Markup Language means?

Hypertext refers to hyperlinks or links which connect web pages to one another, markup refers to the tags used in HTML and language is for Standard English text. The tag is some kind of code we used in HTML to display elements or contents written for websites.
The journey of HTML towards HTML5 was fascinating with CSS to CSS3, evolving its features to large extent. Let’s have a look at some facts of HTML5.

HTML / HTML 5

 

CSS / CSS3

We have heard CSS with HTML together always, not alone. Just like, they are partners in website designing. If we can design web pages with HTML at a good level then why CSS?

Before knowing why, we have to know what CSS is. CSS stands for the cascading style sheet. CSS manages the presentation of web pages, the way it looks. It always works with HTML— obviously. The word “cascading” because we can have multiple style sheets, with one style sheet inheriting properties from others.

CSS was first proposed by Hakon Wium Lie in 1994 and was recommended by W3C in 1996 for using it worldwide with HTML. CSS was having very few styling elements at starting like color and font size of text, bold, italic etc. It was called CSS1 (level 1 of CSS). Then it was added some another styling contents to it to make again better called it CSS2. Now we are using CSS3 with multiple styling properties with some JavaScript properties like animations and transform.

Now, why CSS? With CSS we are able to create rules and can apply that rules to many elements within our website. This offers us many advantages when site-wide changes are required by our client. As contents and their styling are completely separated, we can make those changes in a style sheet and have its effect on every applicable element.

We can say that HTML5 with CSS3 have changed the whole scenario of today’s website designing and made it more passionate for developers.

CSS / CSS 3

 

Client-Side Scripting

Client-side scripting — which includes HTML and CSS — is any code that runs within a web browser. This means that the web browser temporarily downloads all the files from a web server and, in turn, displays a static web page; you would be able to view these files even if you lost your Internet connection (as long as you left your web browser open). JavaScript most commonly used client-side scripts.

JavaScript

Most of us think that JavaScript is somewhat related to Java because of its name. But it’s not true!!! JavaScript is not related to Java; just it is having syntactic similarity.

Actually, when JavaScript was invented at Netscape, its name was LiveScript. In May 1995 JavaScript was written in only 10 days by Brendan Eich who was working at Netscape. In December 1995 after receiving trademark license from Sun Microsystems (home of Java), the name JavaScript was adopted. We use JavaScript with HTML and CSS at the front end for validating a form, animating the HTML document.
Simply JavaScript makes a web page more interactive. JavaScript does all validation operation to the browser side and saves data from mismatching to the server side which can cause the crash of the database.

One more interesting fact about JavaScript is that we can make games using HTML Canvas and JavaScript. There are many games developed using JavaScript. Some examples are Frog hop, Backgammon, Checkers, Tic Tac Toe and so many. HTML canvas is used for drawing graphics on the web page with the help of JavaScript. It can be used to draw graphs, make photo compositions or to do simple animations.

JavaScript is a fascinating language and has its wide end use. JavaScript is world’s most popular and most widely used language.

JavaScript

 

jQuery

jQuery is not a language but a well-written JavaScript code. It is nothing but a small, mostly used (near about 65%) JavaScript library. JQuery is very well written compact JavaScript code which increases the productivity of developer and enables them to handle critical UI functionality in websites by writing a very small amount of code.

JQuery was originally released in January 2006 by John Resig. It is now maintained by a developer team led by Timmy Willison. By the 2015 jQuery becomes the most widely used JavaScript library on the web. JQuery is cross-platform and very light weighted JavaScript library. JQuery itself says that “write less do more”. By writing very less code you can manipulate the HTML document i.e. you can do animating, event handling and etc.

As jQuery is very light weighted, it decreases the loading time of web pages. Because of this, most web browsers like Google and Bing uses jQuery. In game constructions, jQuery is the most used library of JavaScript. Who are having knowledge of HTML, CSS, and JavaScript can easily use jQuery.
jQuery

Server-Side Scripting

All websites need to be hosted (i.e. stored) in a database on a web server. Server-side scripting simply refers to any code that facilitates the transfer of data from that web server to a browser. It also refers to any code used to build a database or manage data on the web server itself.
Server-side scripts run on the web server, which has the power and resources to run programs that are too resource intensive to be run by a web browser. Server-side scripts are also more secure, because the source code remains on the web server rather than being temporarily stored on an individual’s computer.

PHP

All of we use Facebook, the world’s biggest social media. But do you know how Facebook is constructed? This social media website is constructed with the help of PHP. PHP is the world’s fastest web scripting language till now. PHP stands for PHP Hypertext Preprocessor, the first letter of PHP stands for its acronym PHP. PHP is server side scripting language primarily designed for web development but it is also used as a general-purpose programming language.

PHP was created by Rasmus Lerdorf in 1994. After that, a development team was formed to develop PHP further to remove its inconstancy in the functions. PHP goes in rapid changes and launched its new versions as PHP3 in 1998, PHP4 in 2000 and PHP5 in 2004.

PHP5 is the version which is currently in use for web development and included several new features like support for object-oriented programming, an interface for database access and other enhanced features. PHP6 and PHP7 are also launched with other new and enhanced features.
PHP

 

Database

MySQL

A database is the organized collection of data which helps a user to populate different data in a well-structured format. A database system is computer software application, it interacts with the user, middleware application, and database to capture and analyze data. Well, known Database systems include MySQL, PostgreSQL, MongoDB, Microsoft SQL Server, Oracle, Sybase, SAP HANA and many others. The database system is generally portable for different DBMS systems as well as incorporate with others system using SQL standard.
As recent trends in IT culture, every system or application need to work with large amount of data sets which may be in, rough or unstructured formats. Database system helps to deliver solutions with the kind of different approaches. MySQL is the open source database application software systems, which helps the developer to develop the user-friendly environment. The scope of MySQL system is available with every working application and provides developers work in flexible systems.
MySQL system is open for every soft-technology user who wants to work with a flexible and strong database.
MySql

 

Pick the best Web-Designing & Web-Development language for your needs

This is only a fraction of the web development languages used by the industry today, but they are the ones you are most likely to discuss with a web developer.
Set a clear goal and purpose for your website; the features and functionality you want will ultimately decide the best language for web development. Factors like the type of database you use, the server platform, server software, your budget and the client-side functionality you want are also important considerations in choosing the right language for your web project.

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